Volume 40

Acta Hictorica Universitatis Klaipedensis, vol. XLThe Anti-Soviet Resistance: New Approaches to the Lithuanian Partisan War

Acta Historica Universitatis Klaipedensis, Vol. XL

Editor Vykintas Vaitkevičius

Klaipėda, 2020

Seventy-five years after the end of the Second World War, this volume of Acta Historica draws readers’ attention to the lability of the conventional understanding of when the war ended, and the fact that the violence continued in one part of Europe after 1945. The anti-Soviet armed resistance in Lithuania has been examined many times and described in various sections, but this volume offers new approaches and opens up new horizons on the current perception of the Lithuanian partisan war. The three articles published in this collection represent the broader trend in historiography to raise new questions and look for new ways to answer what was not known about well-known issues. Much attention is paid in this volume to sources. The collection of 88 sources prepared by Vykintas Vaitkevičius provides new data on the senior partisan leadership, and allows us to consider it as a collective body that fostered Lithuania’s national culture and shaped visions of the future Lithuania.

Editor’s note



Lietuvos istorinis pasakojimas. 1944–1953 m. partizanų perspektyva
EN title: The Lithuanian Historical Narrative through the Lens of Anti-Soviet Resistance Fighters (1944–1953)

Historians have so far analysed the historical narrative used for modern Lithuanian nation-building in terms of its structure, the main storylines and images, and the most important historical figures rooted in it. Previous studies have revealed how the narrative was constructed. However, less research has been done on how it was received by individual social groups. The article analyses the Lithuanian historical narrative promoted by partisans who participated in the anti-Soviet armed resistance in 1944–1953. The author discusses how the narrative was used to strengthen and perpetuate the struggle, and looks for connections between the organisational unification of the guerrilla fighters and their relationship with historical images and figures. She provides an outline of interpretations of history presented in writings by partisans of various ranks, and reveals features of the historical awareness of the resistance fighters. The main sources used for the research were publications (proclamations, bulletins, periodicals, etc) issued by the partisans. In addition, the author examines the pseudonyms used by 935 fighters, and the names that were given to their organisational units. Data from all three anti-Soviet resistance areas, southern, eastern and western Lithuania, are analysed.

Key words: anti-Soviet resistance, guerrilla warfare, Lithuanian partisans, historical narrative, collective memory, historical identity.

Sovietų saugumas prieš ukrainiečių ir lietuvių partizanus 1944–1953 metais: ginkluoto pasipriešinimo slopinimas (remiantis SBU archyvo medžiaga)
EN title: Soviet Security Forces against Ukrainian and Lithuanian Partisans, 1944–1953: The Suppression of the Armed Resistance (Based on Material from the SBU)

Between 1944 and 1953, the Soviet security forces sought to suppress the armed resistance in Western Ukraine and Lithuania by applying similar kinds of measures. These resistance movements were not directly related to each other, but there were similarities and differences. In Western Ukraine, the movement covered a bigger area, with a correspondingly larger number of people living there, and the fighting, especially in the initial period, was fiercer compared to Lithuania. The article compares these anti-Soviet resistance movements according to several criteria. The author puts the main focus on issues of the suppression of the resistance, comparing the situations in Western Ukraine and Lithuania at the time. He examines critically the material left by the Soviet security forces, and analyses the use of the agency and military actions against the partisans. The research is based mostly on Soviet security agency documents preserved in the Haluzevyĭ derz͡havnyĭ arkhiv Sluz͡hby bezpeky Ukraïny (Sectoral State Archives of the SBU, the Ukrainian Security Service) in Kyïv. This material has not yet been widely used by Lithuanian historians, although it is relevant for understanding the mechanisms of the activities of the Soviet security forces, not only in Western Ukraine, but also in Lithuania.

Key words: Soviet security forces, anti-Soviet resistance, guerrilla warfare, Ukrainian Insurgent Army, Lithuanian partisans, internal troops.

Lietuvos partizaninio karo archeologijos dešimtmetis: tyrimų kryptys ir ateities perspektyvos
EN title: A Decade of Lithuanian Anti-Soviet Partisan War Archaeology: Research Directions and Future Perspectives

The survey and excavation of bunkers and dug-outs from the anti-Soviet partisan war in Lithuania which started in 2010 was a turning point both in the research into guerrilla warfare and Lithuanian archaeology. The next decade was marked by an increasing number of surveys and excavations at Lithuanian guerrilla war sites, the expanded directions of research, and their dissemination both to scholarly and general audiences becoming an integral part of Lithuanian archaeology. The article outlines the research into guerrilla war sites that were conducted in Lithuania between 2010 and 2019, presents their results, and discusses the survey and excavation directions of bunkers, dug-outs and their surroundings, camps, battlefields, disposal sites, and other partisan war sites. The author outlines the changes that have taken place in the research into the partisan war, and discusses the significance of archaeological data and the future prospects of research into the anti-Soviet partisan war in Lithuania as a separate field of archaeology.

Key words: archaeology of guerrilla warfare, Lithuanian partisan war, archaeological survey, archaeological excavation, bunkers and dug-outs, camps, battlefields, disposal sites.

Source publication

Lietuvos laisvės kovos sąjūdžio Taryba: nariai, jų veikla ir diskusijos
EN title: The Council of the Movement for the Struggle for the Freedom of Lithuania: Personalities, Activities and Internal Discussions

I. LLKS tarybos narių pareigų tėvynei ėjimo lapai, pranešimai apie žūtį ir nekrologai
II. LLKS Tarybos nutarimai, kreipimaisi ir sveikinimas
III. LLKS Tarybos deklaracija
IV. „Prie rymančio Rūpintojėlio“: svarstymai apie Sąjūdžio ideologiją ir visuomeninę veiklą
V. Ateities Lietuvos sienos
VI. Išsilaisvinus
VII. Lietuvos ir LLKS istorija partizanų lūpomis

Book reviews

Gyvenimas – ne visada saldžios košės šaukštas
ĖMUŽIS, Marius. Partizanė: Monika Alūzaitė – moteris laisvės kovose: mokslo studija. Vilnius: Baltos lankos, 2020. – 205 p. ISBN 978-609-479-295-3