Volume 16

Acta Historica Universitatis Klaipedensis, Vol. 16Baltijos regiono istorija ir kultūra: Lietuva ir Lenkija. Politinė istorija, politologija, filologija
History and Culture of Baltic Region: Lithuania and Poland. Political History, Political Sciences, Philology

Acta Historica Universitatis Klaipedensis, Vol. XVI

Editor Rimantas Sliužinskas

Klaipėda, 2008


 

FOREWORD

POLITICAL HISTORY

Maciej KUCHARSKI
Projekt antykrólewskiej konfederacji litewskiej z 1788 roku
EN title: The Project of Anti-King Confederacy in Lithuania in 1788

Abstract
The article is devoted to the new historical investigations concerning the project of Anti-King Confederacy in Lithuania in 1788. The oligarchs opposing the King Stanisław August Poniatowski attempted to wreck his plan of making an alliance with Russia. Their plan was to establish in coordination with Prussia a confederacy outside the structures of Polish-Lithuanian Parliament. It is known that two Lithuanian oligarchs: Karol Radziwiłł (then the Voivode in Vilnius) and Michał Kazimierz Ogiński (the Commander-in-Chief of the Lithuanian Army) sketched a project of confederacy in Lithuania. Up until autumn 1788 both did not collaborate with the opposition and were very cautious in their political moves.
Key Words: Anti-King Confederacy, Lithuania in 1788. Stanisław August Poniatowski, Russia, Prussia, Polish-Lithuanian Parliament, Karol Radziwiłł, Michał Kazimierz Ogiński.

Grażyna GZELLA
Wileńska prasa konspiracyjna okresu powstania styczniowego (1862-1864)
EN title: Conspiratorial Press in Vilnius from the Period of January Insurgency (1862-1864)

Abstract
The article is devoted to the research results on the sources of conspiratorial press in Vilnius from the period of January insurgency (1862-1864). Underground press from the period of January insurgency has never been the case in any other country that within four years (the first periodicals emerged in 1861) so many secret publications aimed at different groups of different political background were published in order to inspire resistance. The editors of those publications considered the tsar’s administration to be responsible for the precarious situation of the peasantry therefore the main goal of this periodical was to sway the populace to this notion and to win the inhabitants of rural areas for the revolutionary movement.
Key Words: Vilnius in 1862-1864, conspiratorial press, underground press, secret publications, resistance movement, revolutionary movement, January insurgency.

Sandra GRIGARAVIČIŪTĖ
Santykių su Skandinavijos valstybėmis 1918–1939 m. tyrimai Lietuvoje ir Lenkijoje (1995–2005 m. publikacijų analizė)
EN title: Research on Relations with the Scandinavian Countries in 1918-1939 in Lithuania and Poland (Analysis of Publications Edited in 1995-2005)

Abstract
The article is devoted to research on relations with the Scandinavian countries in 1918-1939 in Lithuania and Poland. It is based on analysis of publications edited in 1995-2005. Presented hereby research became a topic of our research because of three reasons: 1) to start tradition of analysis of publications in Lithuania which deals with relations between Lithuania and Scandinavian countries; 2) to ascertain, do the similar aspects and problems of the mentioned research in Lithuania and Poland exist; 3) to answer the question, if the dialog between Lithuanian and Polish researchers prevails. Objectives of the report are as follows: 1) to show the dynamic of research on relations with the Scandinavian countries in 1918-1940 in Lithuania in 1995-2005; 2) to present the issues of Polish historians written during the last decade on relations between Poland and the Scandinavian countries; 3) to make (quantitative and qualitative) analysis of issues of Polish and Lithuanian historians and compare the results.
Key Words: relations with the Scandinavian countries, Lithuania in 1918-1939, Poland in 1918-1939, Lithuanian history, Polish history.

Tadas TUMĖNAS
Latvijos požiūris į Lietuvos ir Lenkijos ginčą dėl Vilniaus (1920 m. pab. – 1921 m.)
EN title: Latvian Reflections on Lithuanian-Polish Conflict concerning Vilnius Annex (1920–1921)

Abstract
The article is devoted to the new historical investigations concerning Latvian reflections on Lithuanian-Polish conflict concerning Vilnius annex (1920-1921). The Polish occupation of the ancient Lithuanian capital of Vilnius and its annexation by Poland caused an irreparable damage in the relations between that country and her northern neighbours. The process of the Lithuanian-Polish conflict depended not only on these two feuding sides. Latvia’s position was important too. Latvia tried to trim between these two countries. In 1921 Latvia socially began to support Lithuanian’s policy regarding Vilnius, but in the same breath it officially declared neutrality.
Key Words: Lithuanian-Polish conflict, Vilnius annex (1920-1921), Latvian-Lithuanian relations, Latvian-Polish relations.

Wojciech ŚLESZYŃSKI
Polityka państwa polskiego w stosunku do mniejszości litewskiej w latach 1920-1939. Wybrane aspekty
EN title: The Policy of the Polish Government with a Lithuanian Minority between 1920 and 1939: Selected aspects

Abstract
The article is devoted to the research on the policy of the Polish government with a Lithuanian minority between 1920 and 1939. Polish authorities paid much less attention to the problem of the Lithuanian minority in comparison with those of Ukrainians or Germans at that time. Similarly, in the north-eastern territories of the Second Polish Republic, it was a Byelorussian minority, not Lithuanians that posed troubles to the government. Throughout the interwar period the authorities hoped for diplomatic relations with Lithuania. Therefore, the problem of the minority was treated as a foreign affair not as an interior problem.
Key Words: Polish government, Lithuanian minority, Poland and Lithuania in 1920-1939, Province of Vilnius, social policy.

Jacek GZELLA
Związek państw bałtyckich a Polska w koncepcjach konserwatystów wileńskich
EN title: Association of the Baltic Countries versus the Republic of Poland in the Policies of Vilnius Conservatives

Abstract
The article is devoted to the historical investigations regarding the association of the Baltic countries versus the Republic of Poland in the policies of Vilnius conservatives (1922). The grounding of the Baltic countries during the First World War, especially of Lithuania and Latvia, was not considered in the programmes of any of the Polish parties and political factions. Resulting territorial claims made by Poland along with the demands made by the above mentioned Baltic countries were the cause of numerous conflicts between the Republic of Poland and these states and the late establishment of diplomatic relations, with the exception of Lithuania. They were commenced by talks concerning cooperation between the Baltic countries and Poland which resulted in signing of a repelling alliance treaty on the 17th of March 1922. The treaty did not come into force because of the lack of ratification from the parliament of Finland.
Key Words: Association of the Baltic countries, Republic of Poland, Vilnius conservatives, history of Lithuania from 1922, diplomatic relations, alliance treaty on the March 17th, 1922.

Arūnas GUMULIAUSKAS
Lietuvos–Lenkijos santykiai tarpukariu: pirmieji atšilimo požymiai
EN title: Lithuanian-Polish Relations in Interwar Period: the First Signs of a Thaw

Abstract
The article is devoted to the new historical investigations on the problem of Lithuanian-Polish relations in interwar period, as a first signs of a thaw. In the beginning of the 1930’s the political situation in Europe changed. Lithuanian and Polish politicians had to look for new ways to resolve the conflict between the two countries. Lithuanian foreign minister S. Lozoraitis had a real opportunity to put an end to the prolonged conflict. He had to finish the period of Lithuania’s previous political orientation and to start a new period of foreign policy, which is mentioned in historiography as a beginning of “the new course”.
Key Words: Lithuanian-Polish relations, interwar period, Lithuania in 1930-ies, Poland in 1930-ies, Lithuanian political orientation, “the new course”.

Mirosław GOLON
Problem polsko-radzieckiej granicy w byłych Prusach Wschodnich w latach 1945-1958
EN title: Problem of the Polish-Soviet Border in the Former East Prussia in Years 1945-1958

Abstract
The article is devoted to the new historical investigations on the problem of the Polish-Soviet state border admittance in the former East Prussia in the years 1945-1958. The matter of the final course of the Polish-Soviet border was not resolved until years 1956-1957. The Soviet side proposed formal delimitation in the territory of the Polish-Soviet border in the region of the Kaliningrad circuit in April 1956 doing the condition of temporariness away. The border was traced in the territory according to its already existing course after months of works of the delimitation committee. The agreement confirming the course of the border was signed in Moscow on the 5th of March 1957.
Key Words: Polish-Soviet state border, East Prussia, years 1945-1958, border delimitation, Kaliningrad region, delimitation committee.

Hanna SZCZECHOWICZ
Stosunki polsko-litewskie po 1989 roku
EN title: The Polish-Lithuanian Relations after 1989

Abstract
The article is devoted to the research of the Polish-Lithuanian relations after 1989. Political changes after 1989, especially the communism collapse in Central-Eastern Europe, the Germany unification and the Soviet Union disintegration brought Poland and Lithuania to a new geopolitical situation. After the liberation from Soviet domination, Poland and Lithuania came over the similar development way. The history of the latest period proved that Poles and Lithuanians can organise their social, economic and political life in spite of many troubles. Poles and Lithuanians, based on the past experience, will be able to ensure the prosperous future for reciprocal Polish-Lithuanian relations based on positive examples, the equal partnership status and similar aspirations and endeavours.
Key Words: Polish-Lithuanian relations, history of Poland after 1989, history of Lithuania after 1989, communism collapse, geopolitical situation, social life, economic life, political life.

POLITICAL SCIENCES

Arūnas VYŠNIAUSKAS
Steigiamojo Seimo idėja ir ištisinio lietuvių kalbos ploto faktorius baltų-slavų-vokiečių istorinės kaimynystės kontekste
EN title: The Idea of Constituent Assembly and the Factor of the Lithuanian Language Usage Area in the Context of Baltic–Slavic–German Historical Neighbourhood

Abstract
The article is devoted to the new historical investigations on the idea of Constituent Assembly and the factor of the Lithuanian language usage area in the context of Baltic-Slavic-German historical neighbourhood. The State Council of Lithuania aspired to a large geographical space for the national statehood in 1918. A Constituent Assembly (Steigiamasis Seimas) was elected 1920 in the area where Lithuanian- speaking population dominated. Until 1990, Lithuanians comprised about 80 percent of the total population in the Soviet Lithuania, and, after the reestablishment of the independence, a zero variant of citizenship was accepted. From the historical perspective we can better understand the Lithuanian national strategy of the years 1918-1920, when the leading Lithuanian politicians revendicated the great territory with millions of Slavic-speaking population.
Key Words: Constituent Assembly, the Lithuanian language usage area, Baltic-Slavic-German historical neighbourhood, Lithuanian citizenship, Lithuanian national strategy in 1918-1920.

Virginija JURĖNIENĖ
Moterų judėjimas Šiaurės Vakarų krašte: lietuvių ir lenkių veikla ir siekiai
EN title: Women Movement in the North West Countries: Polish and Lithuanian Women Activities and Aspirations

Abstract
The article is devoted to the new research results on the historical 19th – 20th C. women movement in the North-West European countries, actually in Polish and Lithuanian women activities and aspirations. In the Great Poland that belonged to Germany women joined the national movement. First women associations that were involved in charitable work were created in the middle of 19 century. Polish social democrat professional unions were created in the 8th decade of 19 century: women confederation created in 1894 in Poznan rose up the question of women’s political rights. In 1896 the new Lithuanian Social democrat party (LSDP) included equal political rights of both sexes into its program. In 1903 Lithuanian Democrat party (LDP) had a congress where women’s political rights were declared. About 3 % of all new party members were women.
Key Words: women movement, women rights, Polish-Lithuanian history in the 19th – 20th C., women activities, women aspirations, women associations, women confederation, Lithuanian Social democrat party (LSDP), Lithuanian Democrat party (LDP).

Andrzej PUKSZTO
Svajonės atkurti Abiejų Tautų Respubliką XX amžiaus pradžioje, arba dar kartą apie dvilypę lenkų-lietuvių tautinę savimonę
EN title: Dreams about the Revival of Polish-Lithuanian State at the Beginning of the 20th Century, that is Once Again about Two-Level Polish-Lithuanian National Awareness

Abstract
The article is devoted to the historical investigations on the dreams about the revival of Polish-Lithuanian State at the beginning of the 20th C. That is once again about two-level Polish-Lithuanian national awareness. Both attachment to the Catholic faith inseparable from respect for the Polish language and Polish education were the main determinants of Polish identity in Lithuania at the beginning of 20th century. Preservation of tradition of independence found expression in fostering the idea of the revival of Polish-Lithuanian State. Political system and the size of the State were hardly imaginable. During the first years of the 20th century even in Warsaw there were rare attempts to establish, to specify what Polish country to desire. It was useless to ask the Poles in Vilnius or Kaunas about their precise political plans.
Key Words: revival of Polish-Lithuanian State, history of the beginning of the 20th C., two-level Polish-Lithuanian national awareness, Polish identity in Lithuania.

Светлана ЧЕРВОННАЯ / Swietłana CZERWONNAJA
Отношения между Литвой и Польшей конца 1980-х – 1990-х годов в контексте проблем Вильнюсского края и положения польского меньшинства в Литве
EN title: The Lithuanian National Movement (“Sąjūdis”) and the “Polish issue” in Lithuania: the Intrinsic Situation and the Interventions of Outside in the end of 1980 – beginning of the 1990

Abstract
The article is devoted to the new historical investigations on the problem of the Lithuanian National Movement (“Sąjūdis”) and the “Polish issue” in Lithuania: the intrinsic situation and the interventions of outside in the end of 1980-ies – beginning of the 1990-ies. The so called “Polish issue” in Lithuania – both in its full historical dimension and in the special acute meaning that appeared in the end of 1980-ies – since a long time finds itself in the field of the scientific and civil attention. Our paper is an attempt to lead this issue out of the borders of only Lithuanian-Polish controversial discourse and to consider it in the context of all the dramatic history of the national movements in the period of the Soviet Union’s disintegration, in the system of political provocations which the communist regime, doomed already to its downfall, tried to use for repression against its contestants.
Key Words: Lithuanian national movement, “Sąjūdis”, “Polish issue” in Lithuania, Lithuanian history of the end of 1980-ies – beginning of the 1990-ies, Lithuanian-Polish relations.

Beata STACHOWIAK
Kraje Regionu Bałtyckiego na drodze do społeczeństwa informacyjnego
EN title: Countries of the Baltic Region on Their Way to the Information Society

Abstract
The article is devoted to presentations of the research results concerning the problem of countries of the Baltic region on their way to the information society. From the early Middle Ages the Baltic Region was an area of intensive contacts among the countries. There was an area of competition and cooperation at the plane of politics, economy, commerce and culture. After the Second World War these contacts were weak, but the situation has changed after 1989. The cooperation among countries of the Baltic Region has become very important in the context of forming the information society. All the countries of the European Union accomplish the Lisbon Strategy. As the matter of fact, the rate of this realization is slow, but its foundation is common for all the countries of the EU.
Key Words: countries of the Baltic region, information society, cooperation among countries, Lisbon Strategy, European Union.

Zbigniew KARPUS
Polska wobec wstąpienia Litwy do struktur europejskich
EN title: Poland in Regard to Lithuania’s Admission into European Structures

Abstract
The article is devoted to the new historical and political investigations on the Poland in regard to Lithuania’s admission into European structures during last decades. The Polish state authorities took part at generation of actual political events of independence receiving in Baltic States in memorable 1991 year. As an important part of the background for the States strategic partnership it is possible to admit the collaboration in the developments of economical and industrial units, which reached the high point of its intensity in the middle 1990, having the possibility to use the positive results of free market since January 1, 1997. The important element in the positive process in normalizing relations between Poland and Lithuania was the forthcoming political support to join NATO for all Baltic States from the Polish State side. The Polish support for Lithuania to join NATO as well as EU was consistent, principled, and made non-conjuncture way.
Key Words: Poland, Lithuania, Baltic States, Polish national minority in Lithuania, European structures, NATO, EU, historical and political state relationships.

LITERARY STUDIES AND PHILOLOGY

Ewa RUDNICKA
„Gdzie mnóstwo przygotowań, tam nic z dyjalogu“ – wybrane prace z wileńskiego okresu pracy księdza Alojzego Osińskiego (‘Żywoty biskupów wileńskich’, ‘Autorowie Polscy’)
EN title: “Where Many Preparations, there is Nothing from the Dispute” – the Selected Works by Priest Alojzy Osiński prepared while living in Vilnius (‘The Lives of Vilnius Bishops’, ‘The Dictionary of Polish Writers’)

Abstract
The subject of the article is the personality of priest (father) Alojzy Osiński, important but rather forgotten scholar living at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, well educated in human sciences, who was one of the precursors of working out the large-scale studies and great synthesis in the field of historiography of literature and church historiography. And there are some of his activities and works which are worth reminding and presenting. The article deals with two great works prepared while his staying in Vilnius. These works are the excellent example of the attitude of documentary patriotism typical for Polish elites during the period after all of the partitions of Poland and show us how researchers tried to cope with the problem of suitable methodology for new type of large-scale studies and what ideas of solution were successful and what were not. The aim of the research is also to show cause and effect relations between historical situation, the state of culture, the atmosphere in elite circles and the ways of putting intentions into practice, the ambitions, plans and works of individual people.
Key Words: Alojzy Osiński, Vilnius at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, human sciences, historiography of literature, church historiography, Polish elites.

Jakub NIEDŹWIEDŹ
Jan Kochanowski, poeta litewski
EN title: Jan Kochanowski, the Lithuanian Poet

Abstract
The article is devoted to the literary and historical studies on the heritage of the Lithuanian poet Jan Kochanowski (1530-1584). He was a nobleman and a citizen of Sandomierz district in Malopolska region. It is possible he thought about himself like about a polish nobleman, just about a Pole. It appears that there are not any problems to define his nationality. It seems that we have not also problems with “the national identity” of his writings. The main criterion in this process was a question of using Polish language, however not always. This national perspective had made the deep divisions between the ‘own’ and the ‘alien’ culture. Firstly we would be asked if Jan Kochanowski was the strange poet from the outside. The same questions we would be asked about other writers who had lived in Lithuania in 16th–17th centuries but who were born in the Polish Kingdom: Piotr Skarga, Andrzej Wolan, Daniel Naborowski and Maciej Kazimierz Sarbiewski, etc.
Key Words: Jan Kochanowski, history of Poland and Lithuania from 16th – 17th centuries, Polish and Lithuanian nationality, Polish language, ‘own’ and ‘alien’ culture.

Irena FEDOROWICZ
Julia Wichert-Kajruksztisowa (1864-1949) – zapomniana poetka i tłumaczka
EN title: Julia Wichert-Kairuksztis (1864-1949) – Unremembered Poetess and Translater

Abstract
The article is devoted to the historic and poetic studies on the literary heritage of Julia Wichert-Kairuksztis (1864-1949) – unremembered poetess and translater. Julia Wichert-Kairuksztis was stressing her polishness continuously during all her life, even though she was living in Lithuanian environment and all of her children grew up in the spirit of Lithuanian patriotism. She wanted to be a link between two nations, between two homelands. After the renovation of diplomatic relations between Poland and Lithuania, that initiative had to be the second step for linking two countries and nations. Unfortunately, there was became an obstacle for realization of that initiative. The most copies of the prepared anthology were lost during the war. The memory of the poetess Julia Wichert-Kairuksztis was also unstable.
Key Words: literary heritage, Julia Wichert-Kairuksztis, poetess, translator, literary relations of Poland and Lithuania, Anthology of Lithuanian poetry.

Vaiva NARUŠIENĖ
Lietuviškoji ir lenkiškoji Juozapo Albino Herbačiausko dramaturgija
EN title: The Lithuanian and Polish Dramaturgy by Jozef Albin Herbaczewski

Abstract
The article is devoted to the new research on the Lithuanian and Polish dramaturgy by Jozef Albin Herbaczewski (1876-1944). His works are the dramas of ideas which present the fight of the personifications of the evil and the good. The extremely moral protagonists listen to their hearts, and they fight for the freedom of their nation or wish to redeem the Satan. The antagonists are the destructive forces representing the logics and mind. In his dramas Herbaczewski presents some popular types of the decadent woman. The dramas of Herbaczewski are under the influence of romanticism and the movement of The Young Poland. We can also draw a parallel between dramaturgy by A. Herbaczewski and Vydūnas.
Key Words: Lithuanian dramaturgy, Polish dramaturgy, drama, Jozef Albin Herbaczewski, evil, Good, Satan, romanticism, dramaturgy by Vydūnas.

Romuald NARUNEC
Siła pamięci w „Piesku przydrożnym“ Czesława Miłosza
EN title: The Power of Memory in “Roadside Doggy” by Czeslaw Milosz

Abstract
The article is devoted to the new results on literary research about the power of memory in “Roadside Doggy” by Czesław Miłosz (1911-2004). Cz. Miłosz remembers episodes from his life in Vilnius, which is a proof of his special point of view. Miłosz’s journey, which started at the beginning of the previous century, has no limits in “Roadside Doggy”. “Two horses driven carriage” goes without obstructions, penetrates deeply into the mind, and reaches the farthest neighbourhoods. It is a kind of account with one’s past according to the idea that “man without memory is nearly dead and represents the inferior part of humanity.”
Key Words: literary memory, Czesław Miłosz, Vilnius, literary heritage, literary research.

Татьяна ВИНОГРАДОВА, Ольга АЛЕКСЕЕВА / Tatyana VINOGRADOVA, Olga ALEKSEYEVA
Польская диаспора как фактор этнической идентичности
EN title: The Polish Diaspora as a Factor of Ethnical Identity

Abstract
The article is devoted to the new sociological research results on the Polish Diaspora as a factor of ethnical identity. After the restoration of independence of Lithuania, numerous national communities have emerged in Klaipėda region. The Polish Diaspora plays an important role in the socio-cultural grid of the city. The Honored Consulate of the Polish Republic in Klaipėda and the city’s municipality support and promote friendly relationships between Lithuania and Poland. Interstate programs of cooperation of the Polish community include cultural relations (tutoring the Polish language, the education of specialists in Poland, ethno-cultural development of the Diaspora members) and economic ties (logistic, business, relationships of the cities-ports). All those relationships promote the political stability of the Baltic region countries.
Key Words: Polish Diaspora, ethnical identity, national communities, Klaipėda region, relationships between Lithuania and Poland, cultural relations, Baltic region countries.

Teresa DALECKA
Literatura polska po litewsku a literatura litewska po polsku (1991–2006)
EN title: Polish Literature in Lithuanian and the Lithuanian Literature in Polish Language (1991-2006)

Abstract
The article is devoted to the new literary research results on the Polish literature in Lithuanian and the Lithuanian literature in Polish languages during last 15 years. Both the concept of Polish literature in Lithuania and of Lithuanian literature in Poland is a complex phenomenon. Although presently the interest in literatures of both countries does not contain any trace of obligation, its nature is specific. In consideration of the approach toward Lithuanian literature in Poland, one may expect that assuming he knows nothing about Lithuania; the Polish reader will treat the literature as source of information. The presence of the Lithuanian theater in the world’s stages somehow clears the way for the literature. It would be desirable that the presence of Polish literature translations in Lithuania and of the Lithuanian literature in Poland will gain dynamics because of close neighbourhood and common past.
Key Words: Polish literature in Lithuanian, Lithuanian literature in Polish, Lithuania and Poland in 1991-2006, Polish and Lithuanian reader, translations to Polish, translations to Lithuanian.

Loreta MAČIANSKAITĖ
Kitoks požiūris į lenkus Antano Škėmos romane „Balta drobulė“
EN title: Another View of Poles in the Novel “The White Shroud” by Antanas Škėma

Abstract
The article is devoted to present the literary research results on another view of Poles in the novel ‘The White Shroud’ by Antanas Škėma (1910-1961). The negative image of Poles has been predominant in Lithuanian literature from the late 19th to the end of the 20th century and is linked to the stereotypical views of a very close ethnic community and to the traditional opposition of an ideal village to the corrupt manor-house. Antanas Škėma represents another paradigm in which characters of the Polish origin are as-sociated with the values of high culture as opposed to the cultural unawareness and the parochial conceit of the Lithuanian peasantry. Škėma’s novel The White Shroud holds its significance to Lithuanian culture for a number of reasons. A different view towards Polish cultural values – and the independent stance of the author on the issue – is one of them.
Key Words: Antanas Škėma, Lithuanian literature, novel, late 19th C., image of Poles, cultural values, Lithuanian peasantry.

Kinga GEBEN
Najnowsze lituanizmy w wariancie oficjalnym języka polskiego na Litwie
EN title: Recent Lexical Borrowings from Lithuanian in the Official Version of the Polish Language in Lithuania

Abstract
The article presents short characteristic of lexical borrowings from Lithuanian in the Polish language in Lithuania and characteristic of the Polish society in Lithuania and functional style division of the Polish language with particular emphasis on the official version of Polish. The article analyzes new stage of development of the Polish language in Lithuania since 1991 reflecting economic and political changes in Lithuania as well as the appearance of new areas of the use of standard Polish by the representatives of Polish intelligentsia. The aim of the article is to present new lexical borrowing from Lithuanian in the language of Polish intelligentsia in Vilnius region, and it refers to various development tendencies of the Polish language in Vilnius region.
Key Words: lexical borrowings, Lithuanian language, Polish language, Polish society in Lithuania, functional style division of the Polish language, official version of Polish language.

Mirosław DAWLEWICZ
Lituanizmy w socjolekcie młodzieży polskiego pochodzenia w Wilnie
EN title: The Lexicon of Lithuanian Slang of the Youth of Polish Origin in Vilnius

Abstract
The aim of this article is to present the results of linguistic research on peculiarities of the lexicon of the youth of Polish origin in Vilnius. The scope of the project was confined to the lexical stock, and the territory to Vilnius. A series of questionnaire-based surveys was conducted among students of Polish secondary schools in Vilnius as well as undergraduates of Polish philology at Vilnius University and Vilnius Pedagogical University. The collected lingual material was analyzed from the perspective of the influence of Lithuanian languages on the lexicon of the social dialect under investigation. Moreover, peripheral localisms of the Lithuanian origin that feature among the youth of Polish origin in Vilnius are also presented in the research.
Key Words: youth lexicon, Polish origin, Vilnius lexical stock, lingual material, Lithuanisms, Polonisms, Polish-Lithuanian dialect self-influences.

REVIEWS, SURVEYS

Arūnas VYŠNIAUSKAS
Jūratė Kiaupienė versus Marceli Kosman: apie vieną istoriografinę polemiką (A Review of.: KOSMAN, Marceli. Litauen: Legenden einer großen Vergangenheit und Realitäten der Gegenwart. WeltTrends: Zeitschrift für internationale Politik und vergleichende Studien, 1997, Nr. 16, S. 113–130; KIAUPIENĖ, Jūratė. Replik zu Marceli Kosmans Version der litauischen Geschichte. WeltTrends: Zeitschrift für internationale Politik und vergleichende Studien, 1997, Nr. 16, S. 131–142.)

Miroslav DAVLEVIČ
Tematyczny słownik polsko-litewski (A Review of: Mokomasis teminis lenkų-lietuvių kalbų žodynas / Tematyczny słownik polsko-litewski. Sudarė ir parengė I. MASOIT, K. RUTKOVSKA, E. PATIEJŪNIENĖ. Vilnius: Alma littera, 2007.)

CONFERENCES

Rimantas SLIUŽINSKAS
II tarptautinis simpoziumas „Lenkija – Lietuva“ („Polska – Litwa“) Torūnės Mikalojaus Koperniko universitete

Vykintas VAITKEVIČIUS
Tarptautinė mokslinė konferencija „Astronomija ir kosmologija liaudies tradicijose ir kultūros pavelde“